Ophthalmological examination can give you more than vision correction
Ophthalmological examination can give you more information about your health condition, than just the sharpness of your seeing. Eyes may act as a window to human’s body, which allows doctors to accurately assess the health status of the individual patient. Ophthalmological examinations enable for example the veins and arteries evaluation. Even early stages of many diseases may affect the blood vessels conditions, so eye test would be essential in early diagnosis of such afflictions. Even if you don’t have any eyesight problems make sure you get your eyes tested regularly. Your eyes share the story, that only your doctor can interpret.
During an eye examination your specialist will pay attention to such symptoms and afflictions:
Headaches, especially located in eyes and forehead areas might be caused by a whole set of afflictions from sinusitis, cancer or glaucoma* to eyeballs muscles disorders. During an examination the ophthalmologist is able to recognize the early symptoms of such diseases and recommend the headache treatment or refer you to another specialist, who will take care of you in a professional way.
*Glaucoma- is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss caused by increased pressure within the eye.
- Arterial hypertension
One of the first symptoms of arterial hypertension are irregular and narrowed blood vessels. That is why an eye examination focuses not only on eyesight problems, but also prophylactic control of blood pressure. Retina examination makes it possible to detect narrowed vessels and identify the possible risk of stroke.
Retina’s condition (film at the back of the eye, which receives visual stimuli) will give the specialist guidelines on the risk of diabetes. Small, round bleeding areas on your retina or deposits called “cotton wool” might be one of the symptoms of diabetics. Another symptoms of diabetics might be changes in vision caused by fluctuations in blood sugar levels.
- A high cholesterol level
Performing an eye examination, the specialist is able to discover your increased cholesterol level, because fats cover the surface of vessels walls and change their structure. Hardening and narrowing of blood vessels’ walls caused by deposition of fats may be the reason of arterial hypertension, cardiac diseases and stroke. Early detection of a high cholesterol level and entering treatment, might protect you against illnesses for the rest of your life.
- Multiple sclerosis
Double vision, narrow field of view, but also uncoordinated and unintentional eyeballs movement, might be the early symptoms of multiple sclerosis.
Clearly, eye examination cannot replace accurate medical examination, performed by family doctor or a specialist. However, this does not undermine the fact that your ophthalmologist can discover early symptoms of many diseases.